Why is my gum swollen? If you are asking yourself this question, then you should definitely read this article to learn more about the causes, consequences & helpful measures.
For many, keeping your teeth healthy and avoiding tooth decay is what matters most when it comes to dental health.
- Our gums also play an extremely important role in our health and well-being.
- Some people repeatedly have problems with their gums and wait too long to take concrete measures.
Only a healthy interaction between teeth and gums can lead to a healthy oral flora.
Why do gums swell?
Swollen gums are always a sign of inflammation. Fluid is stored in the tissue, which is caused by an infection, for example.
- Swollen gums often feel irritated or sensitive.
- Sometimes, however, it is also associated with severe toothache.
This depends primarily on what caused the inflammation. The signs are quite clear and well known to most people.
You should pay attention to these symptoms
When brushing the teeth or cleaning the gaps with dental floss, bleeding occurs more frequently. Everything feels irritated and unpleasant.Other signs include, for example:
- red to dark red gums
- Freely visible wounds in the oral cavity
- Gum pain during dental care or while eating
If the gums are not treated properly, serious long-term problems such as gum loss and periodontal disease may occur.
Caution: If you experience more severe symptoms (e.g. high fever, shortness of breath or problems swallowing), you should urgently consult a doctor. Here it is important to exclude other illnesses!
What happens if you do not treat swollen gums?
If swellings and inflammations in the oral cavity are not treated for a long time, periodontosis (gum loss) can occur. This causes the gums to recede and so-called pockets form.These pockets ignite more easily. In addition, the tooth is no longer sufficiently protected.Plaque and bacteria penetrate to the pulp and the tooth nerve. In the worst case, the tooth is lost.In the first phase gum inflammations can be fought still uncomplicatedly, later only expensive & complex periodontal treatments help.In case of changes in the mouth, for example if the teeth suddenly lie differently on top of each other or you notice bleeding gums, you should be careful. In addition, there is often a permanent bad breath.
The causes of swollen gums
The sensitive mucous membrane in the mouth is very fibrous and contains many blood vessels. It is therefore not surprising that a swelling in the mouth can have many triggers. Some of them are listed below:
Inflammation of the gums
This disease is called “gingivitis” in medical terminology. Gum inflammation occurs, for example, if you pay too little attention to oral hygiene.In a nutshell: The bacteria in the mouth cause plaque. If this is not removed sufficiently, a plaque and later discolorations & tooth decay on the teeth. In addition, the gums can inflame more easily.If the mucous membrane is first chronically inflamed, toothache, pus formation and bad breath can occur. In addition, the neighbouring lymph nodes can swell.
False teeth brushing
In an effort to keep your teeth as clean as possible, irritation sometimes occurs. The gums are very sensitive!Therefore, brushing your teeth incorrectly or using the wrong appliances can lead to swelling.In this case, a toothbrush, electric or manual, with a soft head is the better choice.When brushing your teeth, make sure that the movements are gentle and circular. Both the teeth and the gums should be gently massaged.Healthy food, which has a positive effect on teeth and gums, contains sufficient nutrients:Vitamin C in particular plays an important role in the maintenance of our teeth,but also sufficient vitamin B, calcium and folic acid should be contained in the ingredients.
Tip: Vitamin C is contained in peppers, strawberries and oranges, for example! Calcium is found mainly in dairy products such as cheese and milk, but also in salmon and various cereals. The most popular sources of folic acid are spinach, asparagus and celery.
After the filling
In some cases, a visit to the dentist can lead to problems in the oral cavity. If the treatment was particularly extensive or if the instruments irritated areas, this can cause swelling.However, modern treatments rely on minimally invasive procedures (i.e. they cause as little damage as possible). Normally, however, such complaints should subside within a few days.If this is not the case, it is best to seek the advice of your dentist.
Cigarettes have a very harmful effect on the gums and teeth. In addition to unsightly discolorations and yellow teeth, smokers often suffer from hypersensitivity and bleeding.
In short, people who smoke generally have more problems with their gums. For the sake of your health, it is therefore best not to smoke any cigarettes at all.
Babies first teeth
When babies get their first teeth, it’s usually not fun for anyone.
No wonder – every single tooth has to make its way through the gums to get to the surface. This causes swelling in the baby’s mouth.
- It itches and hurts. So the baby is restless and cannot sleep well at night.
- In this context, fever and digestive problems even occur.
- If children then get their first milk teeth, this can again be connected with irritations in the mouth.
Teeth and gums
To keep our teeth healthy, we need healthy gums!
- Healthy gums are pink and cover our teeth in the neck area.
- It is tight and adapts to the neck of the tooth (see the graphic below).
Especially with certain teeth in the mouth there are more and more problems. These include molars and wisdom teeth.
It is similar to children and milk teeth in adults when it is time for wisdom teeth. Many people associate wisdom teeth with senseless pain and uncomfortable operations.In addition, they also irritate the gums.If a wisdom tooth has become inflamed, it can become particularly bad! Often it is necessary to pull or surgically remove the tooth!Afterwards, swelling of the mouth may occur for some time. Especially the surrounding areas on the gums are now very sensitive.
Naturally, the areas further back and around the molars are particularly susceptible to inflammation of all kinds. Brushing and flossing are not easy here.Molar teeth are not only disadvantaged because of their location, but also because of their size. Therefore, they are particularly vulnerable to bacteria and tooth decay.
Tip: With an Oral-B toothbrush or a sonic toothbrush you can reach even the most impossible places and tell the bacteria around your molars to fight.
Dental care for the gums
The best models are here: Electric toothbrushes under test.
Problems with the gums
As the mucous membrane in our mouth is very sensitive, problems with the teeth are particularly noticeable through the gums. If you have severe problems with the gums, you should never take this lightly!The following symptoms in connection with the gums occur more frequently:
Gums & pus
Many people only notice dental problems when they experience the pulling pain of drinking hot and cold drinks.What is often related to sensitive teeth or exposed tooth necks can also have serious causes.In most cases, toothache is related to the nerves of the tooth.
Pressure or injury can cause irritation.
- Cervical caries can also be a trigger for sudden pain.
- In case of a pronounced inflammation, which comes very close to the tooth nerve, pus can form. Signs of this are often a swollen cheek and severe pain. Pressure (when biting on it) intensifies the pain even more!