Swollen gum is a painful dental issue that can occur due to several causes. Swollen gums around tooth may be accompanied by bleeding or bad breath. This swelling is enough to make people feel uncomfortable when they try to enjoy a meal. Let us see what causes inflammed or swollen gums. Bacterial plaque is the most common factor making the gums irritated or swollen. The white filmy debris congregating along the gum lines as well as on the teeth surface can cause cavities as well as gum infections. This is because the plaque formed along the boundary of gum lines starts to creep in beneath the gum pocket and infect the gums. Allergic reactions to substances in toothpaste, medications, metal dental restorations and foods can cause irritation, swelling and redness of gum tissues. Many people have found that using new toothpaste can lead to the symptoms of swollen gums.
Food is also one of the important factors causing gum problems. Food particles that lodged between teeth and under the gums can be tough to clean out. Popcorn is an example of food items that stuck between the teeth or under the gums. Within one or two days, swelling occurs until the popcorn particles are removed. Tooth alignment, space between dental restorations and wide spaces between teeth also cause food particles to settle after every meal and result in swollen gums. Faulty or old dental restorations can give plaque or bacteria a space to settle on and make it difficult for people to clean around. Such areas always have swelling around them even if a person follows the best oral habits. Not brushing the area along the gum lines of a crown can also cause bacteria to settle along the margin and it quickly cause inflammation. ill fitting dentures can rub the gum tissues and results in swelling or sores. Some women experience swollen gums around tooth during their pregnancy. This shows that hormone levels in women also a factor causing swollen gums. Crowded and crooked teeth are high likely than other teeth to have inflammation and swelling around them. Crooked teeth are difficult to clean and most often some areas are skipped while cleaning. This results in bacteria building up plague around them. Sometimes people following the best oral habit and techniques suffer from gum problems. Such people should check what medications they are using for other health problems. Some medications prescribed for blood pressure has the ability to create an additional growth of gum tissue which looks like unhealthy or swollen gums. Most of the people who experience this type of changes will find it on their lower front teeth. The gum tissue will look like coral or light pink in color. Abscess is another factor causing inflamed gums in people. Tooth decay spreading into the nerve can cause swelling near the tooth’s root. Some of the symptoms of swollen gum tissues are rolled outskirts along the teeth, bleeding when brushing or flossing, blunted or no papilla between teeth and uncomfortable to severe mouth pain.